Origin and ethnogenesis of Akans
The Akan are believed to have migrated to their current location from the Sahel between the 11th and 13th Century. The kingdom of Bonoman was established as early as the 11th century as a trading state between the Akan and their neighbors, especially those from Djenné, Timbuktu, Bornu among others. A gold boom in the Akan area between the 12th and 13th centuries brought wealth to numerous Akan peoples. During different phases of the Kingdom of Bonoman groups of Akans migrated out of the area to create numerous states based predominantly on gold mining and trading of cash crops. This brought wealth to numerous Akan states like Akwamu which stretched all the way to modern Benin and ultimately led to the rise of the most powerful Akan empire, the Empire of Ashanti.